Age Appropriateness and IF
Intellectual Freedom is a right that has a range of threats to it. Most obviously, governments have banned books and censored the internet. But there are other dimensions to the threats to intellectual freedom. Publishers have refused to publish books for fear of controversy. Criticism of corporations is squelched by pulling out of advertising contracts; through baseless attacks on the reputations of the critics or journalists, placed in high-profile media venues; by filing SLAPP suits and product defamation suits; and by requiring non-disclosure agreements as a condition of employment or contract. Criticism of government is squelched by arresting protesters or by threatening to revoke an organization’s 501(c)(3) tax status. Entertainment media, both the content and the advertising, play a large role in shaping the thoughts of most people. Power relations in general affect what people will read read, say, and think.
That is the breadth of intellectual freedom issues that we as librarians should think about.
This is why I have always found it odd that the only type of news story that consistently gets the “intellectual freedom” label attached to it is the story about the children’s book that someone objects to having in a school library or the children’s collection of a public library.
It’s not that these stories aren’t about intellectual freedom, or that they aren’t important. They certainly are, and in a library-specific context. But they are also about what the challengers claim they are about: age appropriateness. I find it dismaying that librarians almost always defend these books solely on intellectual freedom grounds, as though no book could be age-inappropriate. The grounds for keeping a book in a children’s collection once it has been challenged as not appropriate for the students who use the collection (or in the class where the book has been assigned) should always be that the book is in fact age-appropriate, or that it is reasonable for more than a few parents to consider it age-appropriate. The way the debate usually runs, however, at least in public fora, makes it seem as though librarians want to avoid the question of age appropriateness, as if according to intellectual freedom principles all books are appropriate for all ages. I don’t think that intellectual freedom principles say that, and I think that avoiding the question of age appropriateness, which is generally the question actually being raised by the challengers, harms the image of intellectual freedom advocates.
If the disagreement is over whether children should have different intellectual freedom rights than adults or not, then let’s discuss this question. I think few people would say that children’s reading should not be limited in some way, or that library collection development for children’s collections shouldn’t consider these limitations. If the disagreement is about what is appropriate for the kids using the library, then that is the question that should be discussed. It doesn’t make sense to appeal to a binary principle when the question is age-appropriateness.
Personally, I think most people would consider my views relatively liberal regarding what is appropriate for children. I think the science probably supports my outlook on it, too. Scientific studies on the effects on children of exposure to subject matter concerning sex or other adult topics, and of their appropriateness for the education of young people into adulthood, should logically be a part of this debate, but I seldom see them referred to in it. Instead, just a lot of knee jerk stuff that suggests a rather narrow conception of intellectual freedom.
Sorry to gripe, but I don’t often do it here.
7 comments on “Age Appropriateness and IF”
Having a child who is now reading some of the YA material others feel is inappropriate, I can tell you that her approach to the content in question is to read through it quickly so she can stay with the story–or declare it boring. And certainly, I can recall approaching books the same way. If it’s not presented as “nasty” and the kid has a chance to talk about it, the questionable content can provide learning opportunities. I’d much rather my kid learns about certain aspects of life by reading than by doing!
Sure, that makes sense, Karen, but is it the same answer in every case?
“Scientific studies on the effects on children of exposure to subject matter concerning sex or other adult topics, and of their appropriateness for the education of young people into adulthood”
You wouldn’t happen to have some of those references, would you?
Not handy, but I recall seeing something within the last year. I suppose that I ought to look it up. I will report back here…
To follow up… The recent study I was thinking of was actually about online safety. I’m not sure what else might be out there.
To follow up on what I was saying to Karen… I share your particular bias about these materials, but what I am saying is that a bias doesn’t constitute an argument about a specific case. Usually the argument, as it reaches the public anyway, is a battle of biases, not a weighing of particulars.
I’m uncomfortable every time Banned Books Week comes around because most of the “banned” books are usually removed from school libraries for age inappropriateness. Not that I don’t think this is a proble, but it’s in a different set of problems, to my mind, than someone deciding that a book can’t be read by anyone, at all, ever. School libraries have always been in a weird position in the US and I agree that dealing with content geared towards children is a thorny and difficult issue in a school library (as opposed to a public library where I’m much more of the opinion that parents need to handle those issues, period).
We do ourselves a disservice when we paint this argument with broad strokes. Thanks for the thought provoking post.
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